Obesity may increase the risk of cardiac failure itself, but recent evidence shows that when associated with a proclivity to stay up late at night, the risk of diabetes and heart disease increases even further.
Being Obese And Late To Bed Might Lead To Cardiac Disorders
The discovery was made after comparing sleep habits and illness in 172 middle-aged people as part of an ongoing obesity prevention project in Italy.
According to the study’s lead author, Dr. Muscogiuri, the sleep-wake cycle is one of the most significant behavioral periods in humans. She works as an assistant professor at the Naples University’s endocrinology unit in Italy.
Her team divided subjects into groups based on their sleeping habits for the analysis.
Early risers made up almost six out of ten. These people are most active in the morning and early afternoon.
Late sleepers made up almost 13% of the study. They had a habit of sleeping late and being busier in the late afternoon or evening. The remaining, about three out of ten, dropped right in the middle of the two.
Despite having common BMIs, late sleepers were more likely to consume large meals and engage in other risky behaviors such as smoking and lack of physical activity. Body mass index, or BMI, is a calculation of body fat based on height and weight.
All of which puts them at a greater risk of developing health conditions.
According to the report, while 30% of early risers had cardiovascular diseases, almost 55% of late sleepers did. In the meantime, the risk of type-2 diabetes was around 9% for morning people and nearly 37% for late sleepers. There was no distinction between participants who were morning people and those who were in the middle.
According to Muscogiuri, previous reports have shown that late risers have 1.3 times the chance of elevated blood pressure and high cholesterol as early risers. They are much less likely to eat a heart-healthy Mediterranean diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and seafood.
She claims that as all of these characteristics are combined, late risers are at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes. In terms of the best way to tackle it, Muscogiuri indicated that attempts to control obesity would be more effective if sleep habits were considered.
So, she elaborated, the plan might be to assist obese patients to help develop sleep-wake habits based on earlier growing trends, since earlier rising patterns could help those patients create better dietary and exercise habits, increasing their chances of losing weight.
Cardiologist Dr. Ellenbogen of the Virginia Medical College, Richmond cautioned that changing people’s sleeping habits, diet, and exercise habits would be difficult.
It is understood how difficult it really is to fix someone’s biological clock or movement patterns, he said. And, while this is obviously exciting work, it’s difficult to know what’s going on from a single retrospective study involving a limited number of patients.
Ellenbogen acknowledged that it’s uncertain if sleeping is a primary cause of the elevated risk of type-2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease, or whether the lifestyle-related to sleeping increases risk indirectly.
After analyzing the results, he mentioned that the solution is not clear to him. And he will never say that this thesis establishes something like causation and impact.
According to Ellenbogen, the study can be seen as the beginning of an ongoing attempt to investigate the same connections between sleeping habits of the individual and heart function.
Muscogiuri’s team at a virtual conference of the European Congress discussed the results on Obesity on Wednesday. Until it is written in a peer-reviewed journal, research delivered at the meetings should be considered preliminary.