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Monday, November 29, 2021

Could The Marburg Virus Start Another Outbreak? What We Know

In the West African nation of Guinea, the Health authorities confirmed a case of Marburg virus disease earlier this month.

It is the first time that West Africa has detected  such a deadly virus which causes a highly infectious hemorrhagic fever similar to Ebola.

The World Health Organisation named the disease as “epidemic-prone,” which means it can spread easily among the people if no measures are taken to prevent it .

Could The Marburg Virus Start Another Outbreak? What We Know

The health authorities are worried As another dangerous virus known as Marburg was detected in Africa this month while the whole world is trying its best to fight against COVID-19.

According to the World Health Organization, a case of Marburg virus disease was confirmed by the Health authorities in the West African on August 9th in the southern Gueckedou prefecture.

Could The Marburg Virus Start Another Outbreak?

According to the World Health Organisation, ebola was also detected in Gueckedou in early 2021, where the first case of Marburg disease was identified in Guinea, and where the 2014–2016 West Africa outbreak was initially detected.

What is Marburg virus disease?

Director of global health at Northwell Health in New Hyde Park, New York, Dr. Eric Cioe-Pena stated Marburg virus is a type of viral fever.

He said that Hemorrhagic fever is an infectious fever that can cause internal bleeding, due to an overwhelming inflammatory reaction that reduces the efficiency of clotting factors and platelets of a patient.

Hemorrhagic fever viruses can cause relatively mild illnesses in certain cases while many of these viruses can cause dangerous and life threatening disease said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 

As per the Centre for Disease Control and prevention, Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Filoviridae, and Flaviviridae these four types of viruses are responsible for the viral hemorrhagic fevers. The Marburg virus is considered a filovirus

Cioe-Pena said symptoms include fever, headache,  body pain, malaise, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and internal bleeding.

Signs and symptoms of Marburg disease

Chair of emergency medicine at Long Island Jewish Forest Hills, in New York, Dr. Teresa Murray Amato, said the symptoms of Marburg virus appear within 5 to 10 days of exposure and include:

  • Sudden high fever
  • Vomiting 
  • Nausea
  • Body pains 
  • Internal bleeding

She said, a rash develops mostly on the chest and back within 5 days of the initial symptoms. After that the patient may experience various other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, chest pain, and abdominal pain.”

She explained after all these initial symptoms the patient may experience changes in skin color where the skin appears yellow same as jaundice.

Treating Marburg disease

Amato explained that there’s no specific treatment for Marburg disease, most of the patients are being treated through intravenous (IV) fluids, replacement of electrolytes, supplemental

oxygen, and replacement of blood and blood products. Currently, there is no vaccine for this Marburg virus she said.

She warned that the disease isn’t easy to identify. “About 25 to 30 percent of people who come in contact to this Marburg virus will succumb to the disease,” “Marburg virus may be difficult to diagnose initially, as it is difficult to identify the disease because most of its symptoms resemble many more common viral infections,”

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