Experts say that so-called “breakthrough” cases are still rare, and the death of vaccinated people is “unrealistic.”
Delta variants marked a turning point in the fight against the Covid19 pandemic in the United States. Who has been vaccinated has changed the understanding of whether Americans should continue to wear masks to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.
But rashes are still rare, and the number of vaccinated people hospitalized and dying is zero in many of the states in the United States that report these data.
Delta Variations And Infections: Should Americans Worry?
Here, experts explain the balance between the risk of transmission of the new Delta variant and the strong protection that vaccines continue to provide.
Breakthrough infections were at the heart of the CDC investigation, which led to a change in the rules for wearing masks for vaccinated individuals. The most important caveat is that they are a progressive infection of the Delta variant.
The decision to change the recommendations was made after the CDC found that 74% of people got sick during the outbreak of most Delta infections. 469 people in Massachusetts are fully vaccinated.
This came as a shock to the CDC: prior to the investigation, it was assumed that fully vaccinated people were unlikely to transmit Covid19. Delta was a game-changer as it was much more contagious than the hereditary strains of Covid19.
At the same time, a recent Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) state data report found that the case progression rate among fully immunized individuals was “less than 1% in all reporting states.” It is reported to range from 0.01% in Connecticut. Up to 0.29% in Alaska”. This means that breakouts are rare. One way is to think about how many people we don’t know have been protected by the vaccine in Provincetown, a popular summer tourist destination.
“Yes, it is true that 74% of cases in Provincetown occur among vaccinated people, but we are talking about the thousands upon thousands of vaccinated people who passed through Provincetown at that time,” said Dr. Peter Hotez, the school principal. National Institute of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston and co-director of the Vaccine Development Center, Texas Children’s Hospital. “So I think the vaccine is still working at a very high level.”
Instead, what appears to be happening is that vaccines prevent critical illness and death to a very high degree, but “we may lose some of the second working properties,” making them less likely to spread.
Research from China helps explain why: In a small study by Guangdong Provincial Health Authorities, they found that the viral load in the airways of patients with delta infection was 1,000 times that of their ancestral strains.
This is important because it relates to how vaccines induce immunity. All vaccines approved for distribution in the United States are intramuscular injections. They provide a high degree of immunity, but the body’s ability to recognize and bind to the virus is mainly found in circulating antibodies. There are fewer antibodies in the airways, which have their own specific type of antibody.
In theory, this could mean that Delta’s high viral load suppresses immune cells in the airways while providing strong overall protection, but Hotez is skeptical about the effects.
“The perception of the myth is that vaccinated people spread the virus in the community in the same way as unvaccinated people,” Hotez said. “I think there are still unvaccinated people who contribute significantly to the transmission of the disease.”
Again, this is the question at the start of the vaccination campaign. At first, scientists weren’t sure if people were unknowingly spreading Covid19, even if they were vaccinated.