New research shows that dark-skinned females are at a greater risk to grow a condition of high BP called preeclampsia during pregnancy, meanwhile women in Asia and the Pacific might have the greatest risk of cardiovascular complications.
Greater Risk Of Preeclampsia Observed In Asian And Pacific Islanders
The Journal of Hypertension of the American Heart Association is dedicated to understanding the increase in difficulties and deaths related to pregnancy in the United States, as well as race and ethnic differences. Dr. Erin Michos who is the lead study author said, “heart diseases are among the main cause of death in pregnancy and this leads to hypertension in the majority of the cases.”
The mortality rate for black women is unbelievably high: forty-one percent deaths, while for white women it is hardly thirteen percent.
In a group of 20 people, chances are one will definitely develop preeclampsia as per the data analyzed by the researchers. Black women are 45% more likely to suffer from the same condition compared to native American women, considering aspects such as income, age, and past obesity. Native American women have a 35% higher chance, and Hispanic women have a 9% higher chance. However, women in Asia and the Pacific are 19% less likely to come across the condition of high blood pressure during pregnancy than American women.
Another story is when researchers think about who is most infected by diseases such as pulmonary edema, kidney failure, and heart failure, women from the Pacific Islands top the lists. “The main finding is that although black women have the highest risk hypertension and death during pregnancy, they usually have relatively fewer risks, those with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease are not necessarily at risk.
Dr. Minhas stated that if anything, women in Asia are the ones who are at the greatest risk. But then again, all women face a high risk of heart diseases in this situation. The researchers found that the categories of Pacific Islanders and Asians in their data set vary greatly, including females from East Asia, South Asia, and more regions.
Dr. Nisha Parikh who is an assistant professor of medicine stated, “The biggest benefit this research gave us is that it specifically studies ethnic differences and uses a huge, representative data set at the national level.” One of the biggest causes of deaths in the US among women is heart disease and as per several reports, it’s been observed that the maternal mortality rate in the US has actually increased in recent years rather than declining.
Michos said the risk of heart complications may extend far beyond pregnancy. For example, the 2020 Hypertension Study found that pre-eclampsia doubles the risk of heart failure conditions in women after some time. This is the reason it is so essential to understand the ‘4th’ gestation period. Because after birth, the focus is shifted from the mother to the kid. However, the consequences of childbirth may last for a long period.
Michos said it may be helpful to check the new mother’s blood pressure when visiting a pediatrician because researchers are not sure why women in Asia and the Pacific are more likely to have preeclampsia-related complications. To understand and come to a conclusion as to why these health problems pertain to women, Michos suggested a detailed national study on women’s health prior to and post-pregnancy.