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High-Strength Magnets Can Interfere With The Artificial Pacemaker

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) or heart disease is the type of disease which involves blood vessels or the heart. Some of the types of heart disease are stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, abnormal heart rhythms, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, carditis, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, thromboembolic disease, and so on. The causation of the disease depends on the underlying disease. Some of the diseases are caused by high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes mellitus, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol consumption.

High-Strength Magnets Can Interfere With The Artificial Pacemaker

The different types of Cardiovascular disease that involve blood vessels are Coronary artery disease, Peripheral arterial disease, Cerebrovascular disease, Renal artery stenosis, and Aortic aneurysm. And some of the Cardiovascular diseases that involve the heart are Cardiomyopathy, Hypertensive heart disease, Heart failure, Pulmonary heart disease, Cardiac dysrhythmias, Valvular heart disease, Congenital heart disease, Rheumatic heart disease.

High-Strength Magnets Can Interfere With The Artificial Pacemaker

Some of the above diseases can be treated by using an artificial pacemaker, which is different from the natural pacemaker of the heart. It is nothing but a medical device that generated electrical impulses delivered by electrodes to cause the heart muscle chambers to contract, and hence it helps in pumping the blood. This device replaces and regulates the function of the electrical conduction system of the heart. The main purpose of the pacemaker is to keep the heart rate on track; this is due to either the natural pacemaker is not fast enough, or there is a blockage in the electrical conduction system of the heart. With the advanced development in technology, there is a device known as a demand pacemaker, in which stimulation of the heart is based on the demand of the circulatory system.

There is a specific type of pacemaker named defibrillator, which performs the function of both the pacemaker and defibrillator in a single implanted device. This device is used to perform cardioversion, defibrillator, and pacing of the heart. This device is also known as an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

As per the U.S Food and Drug Administration reports, strong magnets present in the cellphone, watches, and other devices can interfere with the pacemakers and other implanted medical devices. Studies also show that high-strength magnets can cause the devices implanted to switch to the magnetic mode by stopping the normal function of the device until the magnets are moved away from the devices. Many devices have magnetic modes in them, which are used by the doctors while performing medical procedures such as MRI scans, where doctors use high-strength magnets to remove the magnetic fields to restore the natural functioning of the devices. 

Some of the precautionary measures to be taken care of by the patients who already have the pacemaker device are switching off their cell phone and keeping them at least 6 inches away from the implanted devices, check your device by home monitoring device. When the patients are near high-strength magnets,m the device can stop working or can behave differently in that situation.

The implanted devices are used to monitor heart rates, which can be fast or slow. If there is trouble in working on the artificial pacemaker, then the person with it can feel dizzy, lose consciously or even die, as per the reports of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The Food and Drug Administration also conducted several tests on few patients with high-strength magnets, the results showed that the risk of this is very low on the patients, but it did not mention it is risk-free. Hence there are no adverse or serious side effects on the patient, says the agency.

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