Shortage of skilled workers State of the craft so dramatic
Updated on: 06/21/2022, 01:11 | Reading time: 2 minutes
Habeck warns of a “dramatic” shortage of skilled workers
Those who have learned the trade need hardly fear unemployment. A new study shows a dramatic shortage of skilled workers.
Berlin. Of lack of artisans Germany is on the rise again: In recent years, the number of vacancies in skilled occupations has fallen slightly and the number of unemployed has risen slightly, reversing the trend of the past year. For an average of 201,411 vacancies, there were only 139,256 unemployed craftsmen and women.
This is the result of a study by the Competence Center for the Protection of Skilled Workers (COFA). German Economic Institute (IW) in Cologne, which was carried out on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection. The paper was already available to our editors. In the Corona year 2020, the number of vacancies fell to around 180,000, around 150,000 skilled workers were unemployed.
Craftsmen have had more vacancies than unemployed since 2015
The figures determined by the IW researchers come from special evaluations by the Federal Employment Agency and its Institute for Labor Market and Vocational Research (IAB). Since 2015, there have been more vacancies in skilled trades than unemployed people with appropriate training.
so called skill gap Acquired 2018. Taking into account the relevant professional qualifications, there were around 110,000 more jobs than unemployed in the year. In 2021, the gap was 87,485 positions that could not be filled. Continue reading: How retirees exacerbate the shortage of skilled workers
We are primarily looking for craftsmen who have completed their vocational training. The shortage of skilled workers here last year was 75,452 passengers. In addition, 7239 masters and 4794 graduates were missing.
There is a lack of the most qualified workers in these skilled occupations
According to the study, specialist occupations have a particularly large shortage of skilled workers construction industry, It is difficult to find builders. Here, there was an average of 15 unemployed for every 100 vacancies. In building construction, the ratio is 28 to 100. Master craftsmen in sanitary, heating and air-conditioning technology are also in demand, with 24 unemployed for every 100 vacancies.
A particularly large number of passengers are missing construction electrician In addition to specialists in the field of sanitary, heating and air-conditioning technology, there are 21 unemployed for every 100 vacancies. Also interesting: Pension: Doing overtime voluntarily – that’s how it pays off
Outside of the construction industry, the decline is somewhat less dramatic, according to IW calculations. Exceptions are masters of medicine, orthopedics and rehabilitation technology – for every 100 vacancies there were only 16 unemployed. And when selling meat products, there are 30 unemployed travelers for every 100 job advertisements.