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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder May Triple The Chances Of Stroke

OCD is the short form of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, which is a mental disorder in which a person has certain thoughts repeatedly that he has to perform certain tasks repeatedly to the extent that it generates stress if it is not done in a certain way. The person is unable to control these activities for more than a short period, and it is an involuntary activity. Common compulsions include hand washing, counting things, and checking to see if the door is locked. These conditions are associated with tics, anxiety disorder, and an increased risk of suicide. The cause of this disorder is unknown and that it appears to be a genetic disorder, with both identical twins and, more often, the ones with non-identical ones. It is a serious disorder and can be treated psychologically.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder May Triple The Chances Of Stroke

Similarly, stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain gradually causes cell death. There are two different types of strokes one is ischemic, which is due to the lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, which is due to the bleeding. Both types of strokes can cause the brain to stop functioning properly. Some of the symptoms include the inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding, or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder May Triple The Chances Of Stroke

These signs and symptoms occur as soon as the stroke has occurred. If the symptoms occur within two hours, then the stroke is an ischemic attack, which is also referred to as a mini-stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke may be associated with severe headaches and the symptoms of this stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications can lead to pneumonia and loss of bladder control and the main risk factor of stroke is high blood pressure. And other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus.

As per the recent report of the researchers, it is believed that adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD have a triple chance of having a stroke. And also mentioned that the study authors are not sure. The investigators suggest that the OCD patients who also suffer from other mental health problems such as comorbidities, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression might add other health conditions such as high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. The researchers also mentioned that OCD was an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke after adjustment for stroke-related comorbidities, which includes metabolic disorders and other severe mental disorders.

They also mentioned that clinicians should closely monitor cerebrovascular disease and related risks in patients with OCD. They stated that as per the reports, it does not prove that OCD causes strokes, and there are only connections. The researchers collected the data for more than 28,000 adults with OCD and 28,000 adults without the condition for the study. The data showed that over 11 years, people with OCD were three times are likely to have a stroke compared to the people who did not have OCD, and people the age of 60 years and above were at the greatest risk. 

The researchers said that the stroke remained risky even after they accounted for other factors like obesity, heart disease, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes. An ischemic stroke is caused by a blockage in an artery supplying blood to the brain. No difference was found in the risk for hemorrhagic stroke, which is caused by the bleeding and the medications to treat OCD linked to an increased risk of stroke. The researchers also mentioned that keeping a healthy lifestyle such as quitting smoking and regular exercising may help in lowering the chances of strokes.

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