On Tuesday the advisory committee of the United States Food and Drug Administration gave emergency use authorization to Pfizer BioNTech’s Covid-19 vaccine for children aged 5 to 11.
The decision was per the data collected during the clinical trials. The trials were conducted throughout the United States.
Covid Vaccine Side Effects Found Among Children But Mild
Dr. Emaneul, chief medical officer of the Duke Human Vaccine Institute, conducted one of the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine trials.
He conducted a briefing on Wednesday about the trial and revealed what goes behind the vaccine trials. He also discussed the several procedures they followed.
The trials began in March. Initially, small doses of the Pfizer BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine were studied in children aged 5 to 11. The study result revealed that about one-third of the adult dose that makes about 10 milligram was able to produce an adequate antibody response. The dosage was found to be the best tolerable amount for that age group. The side effects observed were also found to be mild and include fever, aches, and sometimes chills.
After the positive results, the dosage was then administered to a large number of children, about 4,500 kids. Out of these 4,500 children, 3,000 received the vaccine, and 1,500 received a placebo.
Walter clarifies that 3,000 children receiving the vaccine to observe common side effects make a pretty good count.
Walter added that the side effects among children due to the Covid-19 vaccine were observed very carefully. He said, ” a diary was with every parent to report the symptoms daily for the first seven days from the date of vaccination.” The side effects encountered were pretty mild and cured within a day or two.
Dr. Walter also clarifies that manufacturers are keeping a close eye on identifying adult and child vaccines.
“The current vaccine for adults has a purple cap, and the new vaccine specifically for children will come with an orange one. It will make their identification easier and faster,” Walter said. Adult doses cannot be used for children, he says.
He also suggests that parents keep their kids prepared for a few tough days past the vaccination. Dr. Walter said that it is common to experience fever, aches, and a few low days after the vaccine. He suggests, “these mild symptoms can be easily managed, with a few medicines.”
There was a concern that children may also experience myocarditis. Myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart muscles and pericarditis. It was occasionally observed among younger adults who received their vaccination. However, the researchers are unaware if younger children have any risk of having myocarditis after vaccination. Although, the studies were carefully conducted to track down effects that might be indications of its presence.
Walter said that there were no confirmed cases of myocarditis in the trials conducted for children even after careful study of each step. He stressed, ” children who complained of chest ache or shortness of breath were called to the hospital immediately, and close observations were made. In all of the cases, no trace of myocarditis was there.”